The separation between the left and right nostril is the nasal septum. It is made of soft tissue, skin and has a rich supply of blood vessels. The septum is present at the center so that the left and right nostrils pass the same amount of air. But, the story is different for a lot of people. Its quite evident that nasal septums are a little off-center for nearly 80% of people, but are noticed only when the deviation is severe. The nasal septum which a slight degree of deviation, rarely lead to any problem or nasal obstruction. However, the patients who have a high degree of deviation in nasal septum may suffer from recurrent infections, chronic nasal sickness as well as breathing disorders.
- Signs of the deviated nasal septum
A lot of people are born with a deviated septum as the development of the nose starts before birth. For some of the patients, it can be a result of an injury, combat, or a fight. In several cases, a shock or hit to a side of the nose may result in nasal septum deviation. The same can happen during contact sports, playground games, or a traffic accident.
Symptoms of a deviated septum can include:
- Blockage of one or both nostrils
- Nasal congestion, sometimes on one side
- Frequent nosebleeds
- Frequent sinus infections
- Facial pain, headaches, postnasal drip
- Noisy breathing during sleep in infants
Non Surgical Treatments for Deviated Septum!
Since you are here, know the things that you can try first to remedy the condition. If your nasal septum has deviated, a surgery helps with long-lasting results as its an effective solution. However, a lot of people have tried various treatments and get sufficient relief without needing surgery.
Nasal obstruction can also lead to a deviated septum which gets worse by allergies or infections. By treating the allergy or infection, the nasal obstruction may improve for a patient to breathe through the nose without surgery. Oral contraceptives and prescription drugs used to treat high blood pressure and mood disorders may also lead to nasal congestion.
- Medications for nasal obstruction and allergies
- Nasal steroids
Steroid nasal sprays may be a long-term solution to nasal obstruction, but don’t give immediate relief. You need to use them regularly to reduce inflammation in your nose. They can cause side effects including dryness, burning, stinging, sore throat and, occasionally, nose bleeds. If you have other health conditions, you need to talk to your doctor before taking nasal steroids. Your pharmacist can recommend a steroid nasal spray.
- Allergy medications
If your nasal obstruction has an allergic component, you may benefit from an antihistamine. They are available as tablets and nasal sprays. If you’re choosing a tablet, look for one that doesn’t cause drowsiness, as this can affect your ability to drive and work.
- Non-drug methods of treating nasal obstruction
Nasal stripsNasal strips are small adhesive-backed strips that you can stick on your nose. They contain spring-like bands that help lift the sides of your nose away from the septum, opening your nasal passages. People often use nasal strips at night, especially if a blocked nose is causing snoring. Nasal strips are available from pharmacies.
Rinsing out the inside of your nose with salt water can help relieve congestion. It can also boost the effectiveness of the tiny hairs (cilia) that line the inside of your nose and help to clear mucus. Adding salt and bicarbonate of soda may feel more comfortable than plain water. Commercially available nose and sinus rinses (in squeezy bottles) can be found at pharmacies. You can get a nasal irrigation device called a neti pot from some pharmacies. It’s important to keep the device clean to reduce the risk of infection. Also, you must use a safe source of water. Tap water should ideally be boiled and cooled.
You can also buy saline nasal sprays at the pharmacy. They’re a good choice for children with nasal congestion.
A vaporizer or humidifier
Vaporizers and humidifiers add moisture to the air you’re breathing and can relieve nasal congestion, especially when you have an infection. Vaporisers heat water to make steam so they can be a hazard around children. Humidifiers produce a cool mist and are safer around children. If you’re using a vaporizer or humidifier, make sure your room has a chance to dry out regularly as the damp air can harbor bacteria, mold and dust mites. You also need to clean your vaporizer or humidifier carefully after use.
If you have a deviated septum, avoiding irritants that cause nasal congestion may help you avoid or delay surgery. Many things can cause nasal congestion or make it worse. An allergic reaction to pollen, dust mites or animals may cause additional nasal symptoms known as allergic rhinitis and may require treatment with antihistamines. Irritation from smoke, fumes, chemicals or perfumes is also a common cause of nasal inflammation. Some people experience nasal congestion in response to certain foods and drinks such as red wine, milk or beer.
One-stop surgical solution for Deviated Septum!
There are cases where patients have found relief from the symptoms of illness or disorders that were resulting from nasal septum deviation. But, if the aforementioned treatments fail to deliver desired results, undergoing surgical procedures is what a patient needs. Deviated septum surgery may only take an hour or so, but the patient is monitored for a couple of hours after the procedure. They may be given general anesthesia and the best thing about the modern surgical procedure is that complications rarely occur, and the patient usually can go home the same day as the surgery.
If patients are sick or have a fever the day before surgery, they need to call the doctor’s office. If they get sick on the day of surgery, they may be allowed to proceed with the surgical facility as planned for evaluation at the doctors’ discretion.
Life after advanced treatments of Nasal Septum Deviation
The quality of life after modern daycare surgical procedures has improved for a lot of patients. They hardly experienced any limitations in their day-to-day life due to nasal problems. Nasal airflow has significantly increased after the operation. The patients had fewer nasal symptoms, fewer colds, breathed more easily and slept better; also the advantages are long-term.