Did you know that leading a healthy lifestyle can reduce the onset of diabetes by 60%? We tell you the symptoms, types, causes and treatments of diabetes.
The increase in people with diabetes is mainly due to the aging of the population, sedentary lifestyle and obesity. Discover the types, symptoms and treatments of diabetes. Best medication for the diabetes is trulicity. However trulicity cost is high but you can buy it from Prescription Hope at cheap price by using trulicity coupon.
What types of diabetes are there?
- Type 1 diabetes (juvenile, insulin-dependent). The pancreas is not able to produce insulin since the immune system destroys the pancreatic cells responsible for it. It represents 10-15% of all cases of diabetes and usually develops in childhood or youth abruptly, although it can occur at any age. The symptoms (excess of urine, of thirst and of appetite, loss of weight, blurred vision, greater facility to have infections …) are pronounced of very intense form. In most cases, the treatment involves administration of insulin .
- Type 2 diabetes (adult, non-insulin dependent). It is the most frequent type of diabetes. The body does not produce enough insulin or there is a resistance of the body’s tissues to the action of insulin. It represents 85-90% of all cases of diabetes and usually occurs in people with obesity and older age (after 35-40 years). The symptoms are usually mild or do not exist. It does not always need insulin in its treatment and, it can be controlled with a specific diet and drugs.
- Gestational diabetes. Pregnancy favors poor blood sugar control. In some cases, this can lead to what is known as gestational diabetes. Normally, after pregnancy, the woman returns to the non-diabetic state; although, in some cases, they may have diabetes again in the future.
- Other types of diabetes It can also be due to genetic factors or as a side effect of some medications.
How is diabetes diagnosed?
To perform the diagnosis of diabetes, an analytical test is necessary to assess the fasting blood glucose (plasma glycemia) rate. People who are at higher risk of diabetes are:
- All people over 45 years old. The test will be repeated every 3 years if the result is normal.
- At lower ages or more frequently (yearly) if they give one or more of these factors: obesity, first-degree relatives with diabetes (parents, siblings), diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) or children weighing more than 4 kg at birth, high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol and / or high triglycerides, and who previously had some glucose alteration without diabetes.
How is diabetes treated?
Following adequate nutrition and moderate physical exercise can reduce the occurrence of type 2 diabetes in people at high risk of developing it by 60% . Therefore, intensive diabetes treatment programs are based on these 2 pillars, in addition to pharmacotherapy and monitoring of blood glucose and behavioral changes.
- Healthy diet and physical exercise . The treatment of diabetes type 1 and 2 always begins with therapeutic changes in diet and physical exercise, two fundamental parts in the prevention and treatment of hyperglycemia, associated disorders (obesity, hypertension and lipid alteration) and of late complications.
- In type 1 diabetes, all patients need insulin since diagnosis. The most common administration guidelines are multiple doses (4 injections per day) or with an insulin pump. This system allows to administer separately the insulin necessary for the fasting situation and to avoid hyperglycemia in the first four hours after meals, imitating what happens in people without diabetes.
- In type 2 diabetes, unlike type 1, the selection of pharmacological treatment is more difficult because it is a process in which the changes vary greatly from one person to another, and also in the same person throughout the evolution of the disease. Most patients start treatment only with food and exercise but, when the disease evolves, they are insufficient and we must add the treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents (pills) or with insulin.
The chronic hyperglycemia (elevated blood sugar levels uncorrected long) produces alterations of various cells, tissues and organs. These are late complications that affect the retina of the eyes (retinopathy and cataracts), the kidney, the nerves, the arteries of the heart (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction), the brain (embolisms), the lower extremities (difficulty in walking due to lack of blood circulation in the legs) … An intensive treatment of the alterations of diabetes can reduce complications by more than 50% .